Civil War  |  Article

This Day in the Civil War

Explore our timeline of the American Civil War’s battles and events, from John Brown's Raid to the Adoption of the 13th Amendment.

Pre-War   1861  1862  1863  1864  1865


May 30 - The Kansas-Nebraska Act is signed into law



October 16 - John Brown raids Harpers Ferry, Virginia (Now West Virginia)

October 18 - U.S. Marines storm engine house at Harpers Ferry and capture John Brown



November 1860

November 6 - Abraham Lincoln elected 16th President of the United States

November 10 - South Carolina Senator James Chestnut Jr. resigns his seat in the U.S. Senate

November 11 - South Carolina Senator James Henry Hammond resigns his seat in the U.S. Senate

November 18 - Georgia legislature appropriates $1,000,000 to arm the state

December 1860

December 20 - South Carolina adopts an Ordinance of Secession

December 26 - Major Robert Anderson evacuates Fort Moultrie for Fort Sumter in Charleston Harbor



January 1861

January 2 - South Carolina troops seize Fort Johnson in Charleston Harbor

January 3 - Georgia state troops seize Fort Pulaski

January 4 - Alabama state troops seize the U.S. Arsenal at Mount Vernon, Alabama

January 5 - U.S. Senators from seven Southern states meet in Washington, D.C. to discuss secession

January 6 - The state of Florida seizes the Apalachicola Arsenal

January 7 - Mississippi and Alabama State Conventions meet to discuss secession

January 8 - Jacob Thompson of Mississippi - the Secretary of the Interior and last Southern member of President James Buchanan's Cabinet - resigns

January 9 - Mississippi secedes from the Union

January 9 -  The Star of the West fails to relieve Fort Sumter

January 10 - Florida adopts an Ordinance of Secession

January 11 - Alabama adopts an Ordinance of Secession

January 14 - Federal troops occupy Fort Taylor at Key West in order to prevent its seizure by secessionist forces

January 16 - Crittenden Compromise dies in the U.S. Senate

January 19 - Georgia adopts an Ordinance of Secession

January 20 - Mississippi state troops seize Ship Island in the Gulf of Mississippi

January 24 - Georgia state troops seize the U.S. Arsenal at Augusta

January 26 - Louisiana adopts an Ordinance of Secession

February 1861

February 1 - Texas adopts an Ordinance of Secession and schedules a referendum for February 23

February 4 - Delegates from the seceded states meet to establish the Confederate government

February 8 - The convention of seceded states adopts a provisional constitution

February 9 - Jefferson Davis elected provisional Confederate President

February 15 - The Provisional Confederate Congress establishes a Peace Commission to prevent war with the United States

February 16 - Texas state troops seize the U.S. Arsenal at San Antonio

February 18 - Jefferson Davis inaugurated as provisional president of the Confederacy

February 19 - Louisiana state troops seize the U.S. paymaster's office in New Orleans

February 23 - President-elect Lincoln arrives in Washington, D.C.

February 23 -  Voters in Texas approve referendum to secede

March 1861

March 2 - After forcing the resignation of Governor Sam Houston, Texas formally joins the Confederacy. 

March 4 - Abraham Lincoln becomes the 16th President of the United States of America

March 15 - Lincoln meets with his Cabinet to discuss whether or not to resupply Fort Sumter

April 1861

April 11 - The Confederates demand the surrender of Fort Sumter

April 12 - The Confederates in Charleston bombard Fort Sumter

April 13 - Fort Sumter surrenders to Confederate forces

April 17 - Virginia adopts an Ordinance of Secession and schedules a referendum for May 23

April 18/19 - Federal troops burn the U.S. Arsenal at Harpers Ferry to prevent it from falling into the hands of secessionists. The Confederates are nonetheless able to seize valuable military supplies when they occupy Harpers Ferry

April 19 - Pratt Street Riot in Baltimore, Maryland

April 19 - President Lincoln declares a blockade of Southern ports

April 20/21 - Federal forces attempt to destroy the Gosport Navy Yard at Norfolk, Virginia by setting it ablaze. Secessionists put out the fires and salvage a large portion of the facility

April 21 - The slave ship Nightingale is captured by the USS Saratoga

April 22 - Robert E. Lee accepts command of Virginia forces

April 23 - United State Army Officers in San Antonio, Texas are seized as prisoners of war

April 30 - New York Yacht Club offers its vessels to the Federal government

May 1861

May 3 - Lincoln calls for volunteers to join the Union Army for a three-year term

May 6 - Arkansas and Tennessee adopt Ordinances of Secession. Tennessee schedules a referendum for June 8

May 13 - U.S. troops occupy Baltimore, Maryland

May 20 - North Carolina adopts an Ordinance of Secession

May 20 -  Kentucky declares its neutrality

May 21 - The Confederate Congress agrees to move the Confederate capital from Montgomery, Alabama to Richmond, Virginia

May 23 - Virginia voters ratify the State Convention's decision to secede

May 24 - Federal troops seize Alexandria, Virginia

May 24 - Zouave leader Elmer Ellsworth killed in Alexandria by James W. Jackson

June 1861

June 1 - Skirmish at Fairfax Court House, Virginia

June 2 - P.G.T. Beauregard takes command of Confederate forces in northern Virginia

June 8 - Tennessee voters approve referendum to secede

June 10 - Engagement at Big Bethel, Virginia

June 16 - Thaddeus Lowe demonstrates the potential of hot air balloons to the government in Washington, D.C.

June 17 - Engagement at Boonville Missouri

June 17 - Action at Vienna, Virginia

July 1861

July 5 - Engagement at Carthage, Missouri

July 7 - Skirmish at Laurel Hill, Virginia (now West Virginia)

July 11 - Engagement at Rich Mountain, Virginia (now West Virginia)

July 18 - Engagement at Blackburn's Ford, Virginia

July 21 - War's first major battle erupts at Manassas (Bull Run), Virginia

July 26 - Federal forces evacuate Fort Fillmore, New Mexico Territory

July 27 - Union Major Isaac Lynde surrenders his command at San Augustine Springs, New Mexico Territory

July 27 - Major General George McClellan put in command of the Federal Division of the Potomac

July 31 - Ulysses S. Grant promoted to brigadier general

August 1861

August 3 - Balloon ascension by John LaMountain at Hampton Roads, Virginia

August 5 - President Lincoln signs the Revenue Act of 1861 into law, creating the first national income tax in American history

August 10 - Battle of Wilson's Creek, Missouri

August 12 - Confederates ambushed by Mescalero Apaches in Big Bend country south of Fort Davis, Texas

August 14 - Soldiers of the 79th New York mutiny near Washington, D.C.

August 29 - Capture of Forts Hatteras and Clark, North Carolina

August 30 - Acting without higher approval, Major General John C. Frémont issues an edict freeing the slaves of all Confederate sympathizers in Missouri

September 1861

September 3 - Confederate troops enter Kentucky, ending the state's neutral status

September 5 - Skirmish at Papinsville, Missouri

September 6 - Federal forces seize Paducah, Kentucky

September 10 - Engagement at Carinfex Ferry, Virginia (now West Virginia)

September 12 - Siege of Lexington, Missouri begins

September 12 to 15 - Battle of Cheat Mountain, Virginia (now West Virginia)

September 20 - Union garrison surrenders Lexington, Missouri

September 26 - Skirmish near Fort Thorn, New Mexico Territory

October 1861

October 3 - The Battle of Greenbrier River (Camp Bartow), Virginia (now West Virginia)

October 9 - Engagement on Santa Rosa Island, Florida

October 12 - First ironclad in the U.S. Navy, USS St. Louis, launched at Carondelet Missouri

October 21 - Battle of Ball's Bluff (Leesburg), Virginia

October 24 - Western Union completes the first trans-continental telegraph line

October 25 - Union Major Charles Zagonyi's "famous" charge into Springfield, Missouri

October 31 - Secessionist Missouri legislators meet at Neosho and vote to leave the Union

November 1861

November 1 - George McClellan replaces Lieutenant General Winfield Scott as general-in-chief of the U.S. Army

November 2 - General John C. Fremont removed from command of the Department of the West by President Lincoln

November 7 - Engagement at Belmont, Missouri

November 8 - The Confederate emissaries to England and France are removed from the British vessel RMS Trent, initiating the "Trent Affair" and endangering the United States' relationship with Great Britain

November 8/9 - Engagement at Ivy Mountain, Kentucky

November 12 - The blockade runner Fingal, bought by Confederates in England, arrives in Savannah

November 21 - Judah P. Benjamin confirmed as Confederate Secretary of War. Benjamin had been serving as Jefferson Davis's Acting Secretary of War since September 17

November 22 - Union begins bombardment of Fort McRee in Pensacola, Florida

November 28 - Missouri admitted to the Confederacy despite never officially seceding from the Union

December 1861

December 8 - CSS Sumter seizes Northern merchant ship Eben Dodge in the mid-Atlantic

December 9 - The Joint Committee on the Conduct of the War is established by Congress

December 9 - Engagement at Chusto-Talasah (Bird Creek), Indian Territory (now Oklahoma)

December 11 - Disastrous fire in Charleston, South Carolina

December 23 - Skirmish at Dayton, Missouri

December 26 - Engagement between Confederate forces and Unionist Native Americans at Chustenahlah, Indian Territory (now Oklahoma)

December 26 - United States releases Mason and Slidell, ending the Trent Affair

December 27 - Skirmish near Hallsville, Missouri

December 30 - Banks in New York suspend specie payments



January 1862

January 10 - Engagement at Middle Creek, Kentucky

January 15 - Edwin M. Stanton confirmed as U.S. Secretary of War

January 18 - The Confederate Congress votes to formally organize the Confederate Territory of Arizona

January 19 - Battle of Mill Springs (Logan's Cross Roads), Kentucky

January 22 - Bombardment of Fort Henry, Tennessee by USS Lexington

January 30 - The USS Monitor is launched at Greenpoint, New York

February 1862

February 3 - President Lincoln declines an offer of war elephants from the King of Siam

February 6 - Surrender of Fort Henry, Tennessee

February 7/8 - Battle of Roanoke Island, North Carolina

February 10 - Union forces destroy the Confederate "Mosquito" fleet at Elizabeth City, North Carolina

February 14 - Union ironclad gunboats attack Fort Donelson, Tennessee

February 15 - All-out Confederate counter-attack at Fort Donelson

February 16 - Fort Donelson surrenders unconditionally to Ulysses S. Grant

February 20/21 - Battle of Val Verde, New Mexico Territory

February 22 - Jefferson Davis inaugurated as President of the Confederate States of America. He had been serving as the Confederacy's provisional president since February 1862

February 23 - Federal troops occupy Fayettsville, Arkansas

February 25 - Federal troops occupy Nashville, Tennessee

March 1862

March 3 - The Union Army arrives at New Madrid, Missouri

March 6 - Lincoln asks Congress to provide funds to states willing to begin the gradual abolition of slavery

March 7/8 - Battle of Pea Ridge (Elkhorn Tavern), Arkansas

March 8 - CSS Virginia engages and destroys the USS Cumberland and the USS Congress

March 9 - USS Monitor and CSS Virginia battle at Hampton Roads, Virginia

March 11 - Lincoln relieves McClellan from his position as general-in-chief of the Federal Armies

March 14 - New Bern, North Carolina captured

March 14 - Union forces capture New Madrid, Missouri

March 18 - George W. Randolph appointed Confederate Secretary of War

March 23 - Battle of First Kernstown, Virginia

March 24 - Riot at abolition meeting in Cincinnati, Ohio

March 26 - Engagement at Apache Canyon, New Mexico Territory

March 28 - Battle of Glorieta Pass, New Mexico Territory

April 1862

April 4 - Federal ironclad gunboat runs the batteries at Island No. 10 on the Mississippi River

April 5 - Siege of Yorktown, Virginia begins

April 6/7 - Battle of Shiloh (Pittsburg Landing), Tennessee begins

April 8 - Battle of Fallen Timbers

April 8 - Island No. 10 falls to Union forces under Major General John Pope

April 10 - Congresses passes Lincoln's suggested resolution offering financial aid to those states willing to begin the gradual abolition of slavery

April 10 - Battle of Fort Pulaski begins

April 11 - Surrender of Fort Pulaski, Georgia

April 16 - Slavery abolished in the District of Columbia

April 18 - Bombardment begins at Fort Jackson and Fort St. Philip, 70 miles below New Orleans, Louisiana

April 24 - Federal fleet passes forts below New Orleans, Louisiana

April 25/26 - Bombardment and surrender of Fort Macon, North Carolina

April 29 - Union "army group" advances on Corinth, Mississippi

May 1862

May 5 - Battle of Williamsburg, Virginia

May 7 - Engagement at West Point (Eltham's Landing), Virginia

May 8 - Battle of McDowell, Virginia

May 9 - Bombardment of Pensacola, Florida

May 10 - Naval engagement at Plum Run Bend, Arkansas

May 10 - Union forces capture Norfolk, Virginia

May 11 - Confederate sailors blow up the CSS Virginia to keep her from falling into Union hands

May 15 - Battle of Drewry's Bluff, Virginia

May 20 - Lincoln signs the Homestead Act

May 23 - Engagement at Front Royal, Virginia

May 25 - Battle of First Winchester, Virginia

May 26 - Skirmish at Calico Rock, Arkansas

May 29/30 - Confederates evacuate Corinth, Mississippi

May 31 - Battle of Seven Pines (Fair Oaks), Virginia begins

June 1862

June 1 - Battle of Seven Pines (Fair Oaks) ends

June 1 - General Robert E. Lee takes command of the Army of Northern Virginia

June 3 to 5 - Evacuation of Fort Pillow, Tennessee

June 6 - Battle of Memphis, Tennessee

June 7 - William Mumford hanged in New Orleans for destroying the U.S. flag

June 8 - Battle of Cross Keys, Virginia

June 9 - Battle of Port Republic, Virginia

June 12 - J.E.B. Stuart begins his "Ride Around McClellan"

June 13 - Skirmish at New Market, Virginia

June 16 - Battle of Secessionville, South Carolina

June 19 - Lincoln signs a law prohibiting slavery in the Western territories

June 25 - Seven Days Battles begin at Oak Grove (French's Field), Virginia

June 26 - Battle of Mechanicsville, (Beaver Dam Creek), Virginia

June 27 - Battle of Gaines' Mill (First Cold Harbor), Virginia

June 27/28 - Action at Garnett's and Golding's Farms, Virginia

June 28 - Passage of Vicksburg batteries by Flag Officer D.G. Farragut's deep water fleet

June 29 - Battle of Savage Station, Virginia

June 30 - Battle of Glendale (Frayser's Farm), Virginia

July 1862

July 1 - Battle of Malvern Hill, Virginia

July 2 - Morrill Land Grant Act approved by President Lincoln

July 12 - John Hunt Morgan's Confederate raiders capture Lebanon, Kentucky on their first raid

July 13 - Garrison at Murfreesboro, Tennessee captured by Confederate General Nathan Bedford Forrest

July 14 - West Virginia Statehood Bill passes the Senate

July 15 - CSS Arkansas sorties from Yazoo River and passes the combined Union fleets

July 16 - Confederate representative meets with Napoleon III of France to discuss foreign aid

July 22 - President Lincoln presents the Emancipation Proclamation to his Cabinet

July 29 - Belle Boyd, Confederate spy, captured

August 1862

August 5 - Engagement at Baton Rouge, Louisiana

August 6 - CSS Arkansas scuttled near Baton Rouge, Louisiana

August 9 - Battle of Cedar Mountain (Slaughter Mountain), Virginia

August 10 - German-American Unionist are massacred by Confederates on the banks of the Nueces River in Texas

August 11 - Confederate partisans capture Independence, Missouri

August 13 - Skirmish on Yellow Creek, Missouri

August 15 - Skirmish at Clarendon, Arkansas

August 17 - Sioux uprising begins in southwest Minnesota

August 19 to 21 - Federal raid on Louisville & Nashville Railroad

August 22 - Affair at Catlett's Station, Virginia

August 24 - CSS Alabama commissioned at sea off Portugal's Azores Islands

August 27 - Stonewall Jackson captures and plunders Union supply depots at Manassas Junction, Virginia

August 28 - The Battle of Second Manassas (Bull Run) begins at Brawner's Farm (Groveton), Virginia

August 29/30 - Battle of Richmond, Kentucky

August 30 - The Battle of Second Manassas ends with a decisive Confederate victory

September 1862

September 1 - Battle of Chantilly (Ox Hill), Virginia

September 2 - Major General George B. McClellan restored to command in Virginia

September 9 - Skirmish at Barnesville, Maryland

September 13 - Federal soldiers near Frederick, Maryland find Lee's Special Order No. 191

September 14 - Battle of South Mountain Gaps, Maryland

September 15 - Capture of Harpers Ferry, Virginia (now West Virginia)

September 17 - Battle of Antietam (Sharpsburg), Maryland

September 17 -  Union forces evacuate Cumberland Gap, a strategically important mountain pass near the junction of Virginia, Tennessee, and Kentucky

September 17 - Munfordville, Kentucky surrenders to Confederate forces

September 19 - Battle of Iuka, Mississippi

September 19/20 - Battle of Shepherdstown (Boteler's Ford), Virginia (now West Virginia)

September 21 - Citizens of San Francisco, California contribute $100,000 for relief of Federal wounded

September 22 - President Lincoln issues his Preliminary Emancipation Proclamation

September 25 - Fighting at Snow's Pond, Kentucky

September 27 - One of the first Federal regiments of black soldiers is organized in New Orleans, Louisiana

October 1862

October 1 - Skirmish near Sharpsburg, Maryland

October 3 - Battle of Corinth, Mississippi

October 8 - Battle of Perryville (Chaplin Hills), Kentucky

October 10 - Fighting at Harrodsburg and Danville Cross Roads, Kentucky

October 10 - Jefferson Davis asks Virginia to draft 4,500 blacks to complete fortifications at Richmond

October 11 - Skirmish near Helena, Arkansas

October 15 - Skirmish at Neely's Bend on the Cumberland River in Tennessee

October 18 - Garrison captured at Lexington, Kentucky in Morgan's Raid

October 22 - Skirmish at Fort Wayne, Indian Territory (now Oklahoma)

October 24 - Union Major General William Rosecrans replaces Major General Don Carlos Buell as commander of the Army of the Ohio

October 29 - Skirmish at Island Mound, Missouri, the first time in the Civil War that African American soldiers fight as part an organized unit

November 1862

November 5 - Lincoln orders that Major General George McClellan  be replaced with Ambrose Burnside as commander of the Army of the Potomac

November 21 - James A. Seddon replaces George W. Randolph as Confederate Secretary of War

November 28 - Engagement at Cane Hill, Arkansas

December 2 - Skirmish at Leed's Ferry on Virginia's Rappahannock River

December 1862

December 5 - Engagement at Coffeeville, Mississippi

December 7 - Engagement at Hartsville, Tennessee

December 7 - Battle of Prairie Grove, Arkansas

December 11 to 15 - The Battle of Fredericksburg, Virginia

December 12 - USS Cairo sunk on the Yazoo River, Mississippi

December 18 - Skirmish at Lexington, Tennessee

December 20 - Confederate cavalry led by General Earl Van Dorn raids Holly Springs, Mississippi

December 22 - Confederate cavalry under James Hunt Morgan crosses the Cumberland River to begin the Christmas Raid in Kentucky

December 26 - Confederate cavalry under JEB Stuart leaves winter encampment to raid the rear of the Army of the Potomac in Stafford County, Virginia

December 26 to 29 - Battle of Chickasaw Bayou, Mississippi

December 27 - Skirmish at Dumfries, Virginia

December 31 - Confederate General Nathan Bedford Forrest's clash at Parker's Cross Roads, Tennessee

December 31 - Battles of Stones River begins near Murfreesboro, Tennessee



January 1863

January 1 - Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation goes into effect

January 2 - The Battle of Stones River concludes

January 9 to 11 - The Battle of Arkansas Post (Fort Hindman), Arkansas

January 12 - Skirmish at Lick Creek, Arkansas

January 17 - Lincoln approves Congressional resolution authorizing the Treasury to issue $100,000,000 in new notes in order to pay Union soldiers and sailors. President Lincoln also calls for regulation of the national currency

January 22 - Union Major General Ambrose Burnside's "mud march" ends in failure

January 25 - Burnside relieved of the command of the Army of the Potomac and replaced with Major General Joseph Hooker

January 31 - Confederate ironclads temporarily break the blockade in Charleston Harbor

February 1863

February 5 and 7 - Skirmish at Olive Branch Church, Virginia

February 13 - Skirmish near Washington, North Carolina

February 15 - Skirmish at Arkadelphia, Arkansas

February 18 to 21 - The Cherokee National Council meets at Cowskin Prairie to disavow Stand Watie's pro-Confederate faction and abolish slavery 

February 26 - Confederate guerrillas attack freight train near Woodburn, Tennessee

March 1863

March 3 - Abraham Lincoln signs the Conscription Act, creating the first national military draft in American history

March 11 - Confederates at Fort Pemberton block Union attempt to bypass Vicksburg's defenses

March 14 - USS Mississippi runs aground near Port Hudson. The ship's crew scuttles the vessel in order to keep it from falling into Confederate hands

March 17 - Engagement at Kelly's Ford, Virginia

March 24/25 - Union amphibious expedition skirmishes with Confederates, Steele's Bayou, Mississippi

March 26 - West Virginia votes for gradual emancipation in the state

March 27 - Skirmish at Palatka, Florida

April 1863

April 7 - Naval attack on Charleston, South Carolina

April 11 - Siege of Suffolk, Virginia by Confederates begins

April 17 - Union Colonel Benjamin Grierson's Raid from La Grange, Tennessee to Baton Rouge, Louisiana begins

April 21 - Generals Jones and Imboden begin Confederate raid on the B&O Railroad,Virginia (now West Virginia)

April 24 - Confederate government passes a tax in-kind on one-tenth of all produce

April 30 - Battle of Chancellorsville begins near Fredericksburg, Virginia

May 1863

May 1 - Battle of Port Gibson, Mississippi

May 2 - During the Battle of Chancellorsville, Confederate General T.J. "Stonewall" Jackson is accidently shot by his own men

May 3 - Second Battle of Fredericksburg, Virginia

May 3/4 - Chancellorsville Campaign continues with the Battle of Salem Church

May 6 - Battle of Chancellorsville ends with Confederate victory

May 10 - Death of Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson

May 14 - Engagement at Jackson, Mississippi

May 16 - Battle of Champion Hill (Baker's Creek), Mississippi

May 17 - Battle of Big Black River Bridge, Mississippi

May 19 - First assault on Vicksburg, Mississippi

May 21 - Engagement at Plains Store, Louisiana

May 22 - Second assault on Vicksburg

May 22 - Siege of Port Hudson, Louisiana begins

May 27 - First assault on Port Hudson

June 1863

June 7 - Battle of Milliken's Bend, Louisiana

June 9 - Battle of Brandy Station (Fleetwood Heights), Virginia

June 13 to 15 - Battle of Second Winchester

June 14 - Second Assault on Port Hudson

June 15 - Fight at Stephenson's Depot, Virginia, part of the Second Battle of Winchester

June 17 - Engagement in Wassaw Sound, Georgia 

June 20 - West Virginia joins the Union as the 35th state

June 23 - Tullahoma Campaign begins in Middle Tennessee

June 28 - Union Major General George G. Meade replaces Joseph Hooker as head of the Army of the Potomac

July 1863

July 1 - Battle of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania begins

July 2 - Second day of the Battle of Gettysburg, heavy fighting in The Wheatfield

July 3 - Morgan's raiders cross the Cumberland River near Burkesville, Kentucky

July 3 - Battle of Gettysburg concludes

July 4 - Confederates surrender Vicksburg, Mississippi

July 4 - Lee's forces begin to retreat from Gettysburg

July 5 - Engagement at Birdson Ferry, Mississippi

July 6 - Skirmish at Williamsport and Hagerstown, Maryland

July 8 - Surrender of Port Hudson, Louisiana

July 8 - General John Hunt Morgan crosses the Ohio River into Indiana at Brandenburg, Kentucky

July 10 - Action at Falling Waters, Maryland

July 10 - Siege of Fort Wagner, Charleston Harbor, South Carolina begins

July 11 - First assault on Fort Wagner

July 13 - Draft riots in New York City

July 17 - Engagement at Honey Springs, Indian Territory (now Oklahoma)

July 18 - Assault on Battery Wagner, led by the 54th Massachusetts

July 19 - Engagement at Buffington Island on the Ohio River

July 23 - Skirmish at Manassas Gap, Virginia

July 26 - John Hunt Morgan captured at Salineville, Ohio

July 29 - Queen Victoria reconfirms British policy of neutrality

August 1863

August 1 - Federal cavalry advance from Witteburg on campaign to capture Little Rock, Arkansas

August 8 - Robert E. Lee offers to resign as commander of the Army of Northern Virginia

August 17 - Federals begin bombardment of Fort Sumter as siege of Fort Wagner continues

August 26 -  Engagement at White Sulphur Springs, West Virginia

August 27 - Skirmish at Bayou Meto (Reed's Bridge), Arkansas

September 1863

September 5 - Laird Rams detained at Liverpool

September 6 - Confederates evacuate Fort Wagner and Morris Island, South Carolina

September 8 - Confederates repulse attack at Sabine Pass (Fort Griffin), Texas

September 9 - Federal army enters Chattanooga, Tennessee

September 10 - Little Rock, Arkansas captured by Union forces

September 15 - Lincoln suspends writ of habeas corpus

September 18 - Confederates force their way across Chickamauga Creek

September 18 - Skirmish at Britstol in east Tennessee

September 19 - Battle of Chickamauga, Georgia

September 20 - Day two of the Battle of Chickamauga, Union troops retreat to Chattanooga, Tennessee

October 1863

October 5 - Torpedo attack on USS New Ironsides outside Charleston Harbor, South Carolina

October 9 - Bristoe Station Campaign begins in Virginia

October 14 - Battle of Bristoe Station, Virginia

October 16 - U.S. Grant named to command Union Military Division of the Mississippi

October 17 - Lincoln calls for 300,000 additional volunteers to join the army 

October 19 - Cavalry engagement known as the Buckland Races, Virginia

October 20 - Skirmish at Warm Springs, North Carolina

October 26 - Fight at King's House near Waynesville, Missouri

October 28 - Engagement at Wauhatchie, Tennessee

October 29 - Fighting at Warsaw and Ozark Missouri

November 1863

November 3 - Engagement at Grand Coteau (Bayou Bourdeau), Louisiana

November 4 - Knoxville Campaign begins

November 7 - Battle of Rappahannock Station, Virginia

November 16 - Battle of Campbell's Station, Tennessee 

November 17 - Longstreet lays siege to Knoxville, Tennessee

November 19 - President Lincoln delivers the "Gettysburg Address"

November 20 - Edward Everett sends complimentary letter to Lincoln on his address at Gettysburg

November 23 - Battle of Orchard Knob begins near Chattanooga, Tennessee

November 24 - Battle of Lookout Mountain, Tennessee

November 25 - Battle of Missionary Ridge, Tennessee

November 26 - Mine Run Campaign begins in Virginia

November 27 - Engagement at Payne's Farm, Virginia

November 29 - Assault on Fort Sanders, Tennessee

November 30 - General Braxton Bragg resigns from command of the Army of Tennessee

December 1863

December 1 - Mine Run Campaign concludes in Virginia 

December 3 - Siege of Knoxville, Tennessee concludes

December 8 - Lincoln issues Proclamation of Amnesty and Reconstruction

December 14 - Engagement at Bean's Station, Tennessee

December 16 - Skirmish at Salem, Virginia

December 21 - Skirmish at Hunter's Mill, Virginia

December 23 - Fight at Culpepper Court House, Virginia



January 1864

January 11 - Rosser's Raid in West Virginia

January 18 - Skirmish at Grand Gulf, Mississippi

January 23 - Skirmish near Newport, Tennessee

January 27 - Engagement at Fair Gardens (Kelly's Ford), Tennessee

January 28 - Operations around New Bern, North Carolina

January 29 - Cavalry skirmish at Medley, West Virginia

February 1864

February 2 - Southern navy captures U.S. gunboat Underwriter but is forced to burn and flee

February 3 - Union General William T. Sherman begins the Meridian Campaign in Mississippi

February 11 - Skirmish at Lake City, Florida

February 14 - Federal troops capture Meridian, Mississippi

February 17 - Confederate submarine H.L. Hunley sinks the USS Housatonic

February 20 - Battle of Olustee (Ocean Pond), Florida

February 22 - Engagement at Okolona, Mississippi

February 28 - Kilpatrick's Raid on Richmond begins

February 29 - George Custer's cavalry fights skirmishes during a raid on Albermarle County, Virginia

March 1864

March 1 - Federal cavalry raid by Judson Kilpatrick and Ulric Dahlgren on Richmond, Virginia

March 5 - Confederate government orders all vessels to give half freight capacity to government shipments

March 9 - U.S. Grant promoted to Lieutenant General

March 12 - Red River Expedition begins in Louisiana

March 20 - Confederate raider CSS Alabama arrives at Cape Town, South Africa

March 21 - Nevada and Colorado territories admitted into the Union

March 22 - Fighting at Bald Spring Canon on Eel River, California

March 25 - Attack on Paducah, Kentucky by Confederate General Nathan Bedford Forrest

April 1864

April 8 - Battle of Mansfield (Sabine Crossroads), Louisiana (Red River Expedition)

April 9 - Battle of Pleasant Hill, Louisiana (Red River Expedition)

April 12 - Capture of Fort Pillow, Tennessee by Confederate General Nathan Bedford Forrest

April 20 - Plymouth, North Carolina captured

April 22- The motto "In God We Trust" first stamped on U.S. coins

April 23 - Engagement of Cane River Crossing, Louisiana (Red River Expedition)

April 25 - Action at Mark's Mills, Arkansas on Steele's Camden Expedition

April 26 - Union fleet trapped by low water on the Red River near Alexandria, Louisiana

April 28 - Skirmishes at Princeton, Arkansas on Steele's Camden Expedition

April 30 - Engagement at Jenkins' Ferry, Arkansas on Steele's Camden Expedition

May 1864

May 5 - Battle of the Wilderness, Virginia

May 6 - Day two of the Battle of the Wilderness, General James Longstreet is seriously wounded in combat

May 7 - Sherman begins his Atlanta campaign

May 7 - Union troops seize Tunnel Hill on the first day of the Atlanta Campaign, an important tunnel on the Western & Atlantic Railroad. 

May 8 - Battle of Spotsylvania, Virginia

May 8 - Engagement at Dug Gap, Georgia

May 9 - Engagement at Swift Creek, Virginia

May 11 - Battle of Yellow Tavern, Virginia on Sheridan's Richmond Raid

May 12 - Battle of Spotsylvania continues with the fight for the Bloody Angle

May 12 - Death of J.E.B. Stuart

May 14 - Battle of Resaca, Georgia begins

May 15 - Battle of New Market, Virginia

May 18 - Engagement at Yellow Bayou (Bayou de Glaize), Louisiana (Red River Expedition)

May 20 - Battle of Ware Bottom Church

May 23 - Battle of North Anna River, Virginia

May 25 - Battle of New Hope Church, Georgia

May 27 - Battle of Pickett's Mill, Georgia

May 28 - Skirmish near Jacksonville, Florida

May 28 - Battle of Dallas, Georgia

May 29 - Confederates capture wagon train at Salem, Arkansas

May 31 - Combat at Bethesda Church, Virginia

June 1864

June 1 - Major Union attack at Cold Harbor, Virginia

June 3 - All-out Union assault at Cold Harbor, Virginia

June 5 - Battle at Piedmont, Virginia

June 6 - Engagement at Lake Chicot (Dutch Bayou), Arkansas

June 8 - Abraham Lincoln nominated for a second term as U.S. President

June 10 - Battle of Brice's Cross Roads (Guntown), Mississippi

June 11 - Skirmish at Pine Mountain, Georgia

June 11 - Battle of Trevilian Station, Virginia

June 15 - First attack on Petersburg, Virginia

June 19 - USS Kearsarge sinks CSS Alabama near France

June 21 - Christopher Memminger resigns as Confederate Secretary of the Treasury

June 22 - Battle of Kolb's Farm (Culp's Farm), Georgia

June 27 -  Battle of Kennesaw Mountain, Georgia

June 29 - Skirmish at Reams Station, Virginia on Wilson's Raid

July 1864

July 9 - Battle of Monocacy, Maryland

July 12 - Early's raid of Fort Stevens, DC

July 14 - Battle of Tupelo (Harrisburg), Mississippi

July 17 - Confederate General J.B. Hood replaces J. Johnston as commander of the Army of Tennessee

July 18 - Battle of Cool Spring, Virginia

July 20 - Engagement at Rutherford's Farm, Virginia

July 20 - Battle of Peachtree Creek, Georgia

July 22 - Battle of Atlanta, Georgia

July 24 - Second Battle of Kernstown, Virginia

July 28 - Battle of Ezra Church, Georgia

July 30 - Capture and burning of Chambersburg, Pennsylvania

July 30 - Battle of The Crater at Petersburg, Virginia

August 1864

August 2 - Cavalry skirmish at Hancock, Maryland

August 4 - Operations around Brazos Santiago, Texas

August 5 - Battle of Mobile Bay, Alabama

August 6 - CSS Tallahassee departs Wilmington, North Carolina on a 3-week cruise

August 7 - Engagement at Moorefield, West Virginia

August 9 - Confederates detonante bomb aboard ship at City Point, Virginia

August 16 - Engagement at Guard Hill (Front Royal), Virginia

August 18 - Battle of Globe Tavern (Weldon Railroad), Virginia begins

August 20 - Cavalry combat at Lovejoy's Station on the Macon & Western Railroad in Georgia

August 21 - Battle of Glove Tavern (Weldon Railroad) concludes

August 21 - Skirmish at Summit Point, West Virginia

August 23 - Fort Morgan, at the entrance to Mobile Bay, Alabama, falls to the Federals

August 25 - Second Battle of Reams Station, Virginia

August 31 - Battle of Jonesborough, Georgia

August 31 - Union Gen. George McClellan nominated for President by Democratic Party at Chicago convention

September 1864

September 1 - Confederates evacuate Atlanta, Georgia

September 2 - Federal Army enters Atlanta

September 4 - John Hunt Morgan killed in Greenville, Tennessee

September 7 - Evacuation of Atlanta citizens ordered by Union General William T. Sherman

September 8 - George McClellan accepts nomination as Democratic candidate for President

September 16 - Confederate General Wade Hampton's raid at Coggins Point (Great Cattle Road), Virginia

September 19 - Battle of Third Winchester (Opequon), Virginia

September 22 - Battle of Fisher's Hill, Virginia

September 23 - Skirmish at Athens, Alabama

September 24 - Battle of Pilot Knox (Fort Davidson), Missouri

September 27 - Massacre at Centralia, Missouri

September 28 - Skirmish at Decatur, Georgia

September 29 - Battle of Fort Harrison (Chaffin's Farm), Virginia

September 30 - Skirmish at Carter's Station, Tennessee

September 30 - Battle of Peebles' Farm, Virginia

October 1864

October 2 - Engagement at Saltville, Virginia

October 5 - Battle of Allatoona Pass, Georgia

October 6 - Cavalry engagement at Brock's Gap, Virginia

October 7 - Capture of CSS Florida by USS Wachusett at Bahia, Brazil

October 7 - Battle of Darbytown Road, Virginia

October 9 - Engagement at Tom's Brook, Virginia

October 12 - Chief Justice Roger Brooke Taney dies in Washington, D.C.

October 13 - Confederate Colonel John S. Mosby robs train near Harpers Ferry, West Virginia

October 19 - Raid on St. Albans, Vermont

October 19 - Battle of Cedar Creek (Belle Grove), Virginia

October 22 - Battle of Byram's Ford, Missouri

October 23 - Battle of Westport (Kansas City), Missouri

October 25 - Battle of Mine Creek (Marais Des Cygnes), Kansas

October 27 - Battle of Boydton Plank Road (Burgess' Mill), Virginia

October 27 - Engagement at Fair Oaks and on Darbytown Road, Virginia

October 27 - Union navy uses "torpedo" to sink Confederate ironclad Albermarle at Plymouth, North Carolina

October 30 - Skirmish at Muscle Shoals, Alabama

November 1864

November 2 - Affair at Hazen's Farm near Devalls Bluff, Arkansas

November 4 - Engagement at Johnsonville, Tennessee

November 8 - Abraham Lincoln is re-elected President of the United States

November 11 - Battle of Bull's Gap, Tennessee

November 15 - William T. Sherman departs Atlanta on the March to the Sea, leaving Atlanta in ruins

November 24 - Skirmish at Columbia, Tennessee

November 25 - Confederates fail at attempt to set fire to New York City hotels and Barnum's Museum

November 28 - Rosser's Raid on New Creek near Keyser, West Virginia

November 29 - Colonel J.M. Chivington leads Sand Creek Massacre in the Colorado Territory

November 29 - Battle of Spring Hill, Tennessee

November 30 - Battle of Franklin, Tennessee

November 30 - Engagement at Honey Hill, South Carolina

December 1864

December 1 - Union General John Schofield's army evacuates Franklin and retreats to Nashville

December 4 - Engagement at Waynesborough, Georgia

December 6 - Salmon P. Chase named Chief Justice of the United States

December 10 - Federal Army arrives in front of Savannah, Georgia

December 13 - Storming of Fort McAlister, Georgia

December 15 - Battle of Nashville, Tennessee begins

December 17 - Action near Franklin, Tennessee

December 19 - Skirmish at Rutherford Creek, Tennessee

December 20 - Confederates evacuate Savannah, Georgia

December 24 - First attack on Fort Fisher, North Carolina

December 25 - Federals abandon first attack on Fort Fisher, North Carolina

December 28 - Engagement at Egypt, Missouri



January 1865

January 12 - Francis Preston Blair Sr. attempts to negotiate peace with Jefferson Davis

January 13 - Second attack on Fort Fisher, North Carolina begins

January 15 - Fort Fisher stormed

January 23 - Joseph E. Johnston opposes Sherman's march through the Carolinas

January 31 - U.S. House passes 13th Amendment abolishing slavery

February 1865

February 1 - Sherman's march through the Carolinas in "full swing"

February 3 - Union and Confederate officials meet to discuss peace

February 5 - Battle of Hatcher's Run (Armstrong's Mill), Virginia begins

February 6 - John C. Breckinridge named Confederate Secretary of War

February 17 - Columbia South Carolina burned

February 17 - Evacuation of Charleston, South Carolina

February 22 - Wilmington, North Carolina captured

March 1865

March 2 - Engagement at Waynesboro, Virginia

March 4 - Abraham Lincon inaugurated for second term as President

March 6 - Battle of Natural Bridge, Florida

March 6 - Lincoln appoints Hugh McCulloch as United States Secretary of the Treasury

March 7-10 - Battle of Kinston (Wyse's Fork), North Carolina 

March 10 - Engagement at Monroe's Cross Roads, South Carolina

March 13 - Jefferson Davis signs law authorizing black men to serve in Confederate Army

March 16 - Battle of Averasborough, North Carolina

March 18 - Confederate Congress adjourns

March 19 - Battle of Bentonville, North Carolina

March 22 - Wilson's Raid on Selma, Alabama

March 25 - Battle at Fort Stedman, Virginia

March 27 - Siege of Spanish Fort, Alabama begins

March 27 - Lincoln meets with Generals U.S. Grant and William T. Sherman at City Point, Virginia

March 29 - Appomattox Campaign begins

March 29 - Engagement at Lewis Farm

March 30 - Cavalry skirmish at Montevallo, Alabama during Wilson's Raid

March 31 - Battle of White Oak Road, Virginia

March 31 -  Engagement at Dinwiddie Court House, Virginia

April 1865

April 1 - Battle of Five Forks, Virginia

April 2 - Confederate Government evacuates Richmond, Virginia

April 2 - Selma, Alabama assailed and captured 

April 2 - Confederate lines at Petersburg breached and Fort Gregg stormed

April 3 - Richmond and Petersburg occupied by Federals

April 4 - Lincoln visits Richmond, Virginia

April 6 - Battle of Sayler's Creek (Sailor's Creek), Virginia

April 7 - Engagement at High Bridge, Virginia

April 7 -  Engagement at Cumberland Church, Virginia

April 8 - Siege of Spanish Fort, Alabama concludes

April 8 - Battle of Appomattox Station

April 9 - Lee surrenders to Grant at Appomattox Court House

April 12 - Mobile, Alabama surrenders

April 13 - Skirmish at Raleigh, North Carolina

April 14 - United States flag raised over Fort Sumter, South Carolina

April 14 - Abraham Lincoln is shot at Ford's Theatre

April 15 - Abraham Lincoln dies. Andrew Johnson sworn in as President of the United States

April 16 - Capture of Columbus and West Point, Georgia

April 18 - Sherman and J. Johnston sign armistice at Durham Station, North Carolina

April 26 - General Joseph Johnston surrenders to General William T. Sherman at Durham Station, North Carolina

April 26 - John Wilkes Booth captured and killed in the Garrett Barn, Port Royal, Virginia

April 27 - Explosion of the riverboat Sultana

May 1865

May 2 - A $100,000 reward offered for the arrest of Jefferson Davis

May 4 - Surrender of Confederate General Richard Taylor's forces at Citronelle, Alabama

May 10 - Confederate President Jefferson Davis captured by U.S. troops at Irwinville, Georgia

May 12 - Skirmish at Palmito Ranch, Texas - the last engagement of the Civil War

May 23 to 24 - Grand Review of Union armies in Washington, D.C.

May 26 - Surrender of Confederate General E.K. Smith's Trans-Mississippi forces, New Orleans, Louisiana

May 29 - President Andrew Johnson proclaims amnesty for most ex-Confederates

June 1865

June 23 - General Stand Watie surrenders Confederate forces in the Indian Territory (OK)

June 30 - Eight Lincoln-assassination conspirators convicted in Washington, D.C.

July 1865

July 7 - Conspirators in the assassination of Lincoln are executed

November 1865

November 10 - War criminal Henry Wirz hanged

December 1865

December 6 - Georgia becomes the 27th state to ratify the 13th Amendment, abolishing slavery in the United States.

December 18 - Secretary of State William Seward announced to the world that the 13th Amendment has been ratified.