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Illustration of soldiers being sired at during the Champion Hill Battle

Champion Hill

Baker's Creek

Hinds County, MS  |  May 16, 1863

On May 16, 1863, moving west following their capture and destruction of Jackson, Mississippi, Maj. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant’s advancing Union corps met Confederates under Maj. Gen. John C. Pemberton in a fierce struggle roughly halfway between Jackson and Vicksburg. Pemberton had posted his divisions on high ground in a 3-mile line covering the roads from the south and east. Unexpectedly, Grant's men moved west along an undefended road and met Pemberton's men at Champion's Hill. Outflanked, Pemberton stretched his line to hold back the Yankees, soon advancing across his front. The Union brigades were nearly swept away by a counterattack led by the division of Brig. Gen. John Bowen. Grant ordered more men toward the hill and Bowen’s Confederates were themselves driven off, compelling a general retreat. Confederate Brig. Gen. Lloyd Tilghman was killed while directing a rearguard action that enabled most of the Confederate army to escape towards Vicksburg. The Union victories at Champion Hill and at the Big Black River the next day forced the Confederates into a doomed position inside the fortifications of Vicksburg. The Battle of Champion Hill was the largest of Grant’s Vicksburg Campaign.

All battles of the Grant's Operations Against Vicksburg Campaign

Civil War  |  Battle
Port Gibson
Claiborne County, MS  |  May 1, 1863
Result: Union Victory
Est. Casualties: 1,628
Union: 861
Confederate: 767
Civil War  |  Battle
Raymond
Hinds County, MS  |  May 12, 1863
Result: Union Victory
Est. Casualties: 961
Union: 446
Confederate: 515
Civil War  |  Battle
Champion Hill
Hinds County, MS  |  May 16, 1863
Result: Union Victory
Est. Casualties: 6,297
Union: 2,457
Confederate: 3,840
Civil War  |  Battle
Big Black River Bridge
Hinds County and Warren County, MS  |  May 17, 1863
Result: Union Victory
Est. Casualties: 2,273
Union: 273
Confederate: 1,751
Civil War  |  Battle
Vicksburg
Warren County, MS  |  May 18 - Jul 4, 1863
Result: Union Victory
Est. Casualties: 37,273
Union: 4,910
Confederate: 32,363
Civil War  |  Battle
La batalla de Vicksburg
Warren County, MS  |  May 18 - Jul 4, 1863
Result: Union Victory
Est. Casualties: 37,273
Union: 4,910
Confederate: 32,363
Civil War  |  Battle
Milliken's Bend
Madison Parish, LA  |  Jun 7, 1863
Result: Union Victory
Est. Casualties: 837
Union: 652
Confederate: 185
Civil War  |  Battle
Helena
Phillips County, AR  |  Jul 4, 1863
Result: Union Victory
Est. Casualties: 1,842
Union: 206
Confederate: 1,636

Related Battles

Edwards, MS | May 16, 1863
Result: Union Victory
Commanders
Forces Engaged
54,000
Union
32,000
Confed.
22,000
Estimated Casualties
6,297
Union
2,457
Confed.
3,840