American Battlefield Trust’s map of The Vicksburg Campaign
March 31 - July 4, 1863
After crossing the Mississippi River at Bruinsburg on April 30, Maj. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant moved to cut the Southern Railroad supplying Vicksburg from the east, and to destroy the logistic and manufacturing center at Jackson. Successful at those objectives, Grant turned his attention to Lt. Gen. John C. Pemberton’s defenses around Vicksburg. In 17 days, his Army of the Tennessee fought and won 5 separate battles and marched over 200 miles to reach the strategic Confederate city. Grant surrounded Vicksburg by May 18 and a week later had settled in for a siege. After holding out for 47 days, Pemberton surrendered on July 4.