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War of 1812  |  Article

War of 1812 Timeline

This artwork portrays the British burning the White House.
This illustration is from the 1816 book, The History of England, from the Earliest Periods, Volume 1 by Paul M. Rapin de Thoyras.

Explore our timeline of the War of 1812 and learn about the important events and battles that happened throughout this period of American history – from the Battle of Tippecanoe to the signing of the Treaty of Ghent. 

Pre-War1812181318141815

1793

  • February 1 – France declares war on Great Britain

1794

  • August 20 – General Anthony Wayne defeats a Native American confederation at the Battle of Fallen Timbers, paving the way for the settlement of present-day Ohio

1804

  • April 30 – The Louisiana Purchase is finalized, adding more than 800,000 square miles to the western frontier of the United States
  • November 21 – Napoleon issues the Berlin Decrees
  • December 4 – Napoleon is crowned Emperor of France following a coup d'etat

1806

  • April 18 - Non- Importation Act passed

1807

  • June 22 – HMS Leopard fires on the USS Chesapeake
  • November 11 – Great Britain passes the 1807 Orders in Council, restricting international trade with France
  • December 22 – Embargo Act Passed

1809

  • March 4 James Madison is sworn in as the 4th President of the United States.

1811

  • May 16 – The American frigate USS President fires on the British sloop HMS Little Belt
  • October 9 – Major General Isaac Brock is appointed Administrator of Upper Canada
  • November 11 – Battle of Tippecanoe

1812

  • June 18 – The United States declares war on Great Britain
  • June 22 – A mob in Baltimore destroys the printing offices of an anti-war newspaper
  • July 12 – General William Hull invades Canada from Detroit
  • July 17 – Fort Michilimackinac surrenders to British-Canadian forces
  • August 5 – Skirmish near Brownstown, Michigan
  • August 8 – General Hull returns to Detroit
  • August 15 – British forces bombard Detroit
  • August 16 – General Hull surrenders Detroit
  • August 19 – The USS Constitution defeats the HMS Guerriere
  • October 13 – British-Canadians win the Battle of Queenston Heights, Ontario
  • November 27 – Skirmish at Fort Erie
  • December 28William Henry Harrison formally resigns as Governor of Indiana Territory and takes the rank of Brigadier General.
  • December 29 – USS Constitution defeats the HMS Java

1813

  • January 9 – Great Britain declares war on the United States
  • January 13 – John Armstrong replaces William Eustis as Secretary of War
  • January 18 – American forces seize Frenchtown, Michigan
  • January 22The Battle of River Raisin; roughly 40 to 60 American soldiers are killed in “The River Raisin Massacre”
  • February 22 – Battle of Ogdensburg
  • March 4 – James Madison inaugurated for the second term as President
  • March 27 Oliver Hazard Perry takes command of the flotilla at Lake Erie
  • April 27Attack on York [modern today Toronto]; General Zebulon Pike is killed
  • April 29 – Raid on Frenchtown, Maryland by a British flotilla under the command of Admiral George Cockburn
  • May 1 – American forces evacuate York; Siege of Fort Meigs near modern-day Toledo Ohio begins
  • May 3 – Royal Marines land and burn Havre de Grace, Maryland
  • May 27 – Engagement at Fort George
  • May 29 Battle at Sackets Harbor
  • June 1 – USS Chesapeake captured by the British frigate HMS Shannon; Captain James Lawrence dies days later
  • June 6 – Engagement at Stoney Creek
  • June 22 – Battle of Craney Island
  • June 24 – Battle of Beaver Dams
  • June 25 – Burning of Hampton, Virginia
  • August 10 – Battle of St. Michaels
  • August 30 – Attack on Fort Mims, Alabama
  • September 10 – Battle of Lake Erie
  • October 5 – Battle of the Thames; Tecumseh is killed
  • October 7Andrew Jackson establishes camp at Fayetteville, TN to recruit American forces to combat the Creeks in Alabama
  • October 26 – Engagement at Chateauguay
  • November 11 – Battle of Crysler’s Farm
  • November 29 – Battle of Autossee
  • December 19 – Capture of Fort Niagara

1814

  • March 19Winfield Scott is promoted to Brigadier General at the age of 27
  • March 27Engagement at Horseshoe Bend
  • April 4 – Napoleon abdicates and is exiled to Elba off the coast of Tuscany; Great Britain now turns its focus to the war in America
  • July 3 – American troops under Major General Jacob Brown cross the Niagara River and capture Fort Erie
  • July 5 Battle of Chippawa
  • July 22 – Treaty of Greenville
  • July 25Battle of Lundy’s Lane, one of the fiercest battles of the war
  • August 8 – Peace negotiations begin
  • August 9 - Treaty of Fort Jackson
  • August 9 – Stonington, CT raid begins
  • August 12 – Stonington Raid Ends
  • August 14 – General Robert Ross in command of a reinforcement consisting of 4,500 veteran British troops arrive at the Chesapeake Bay
  • August 19 – British troops land at Benedict, Maryland
  • August 24Battle of Bladensburg
  • August 24 – Burning of Washington, D.C.
  • August 27 – Abandonment of Fort Warburton
  • August 28 – Alexandria Raid
  • September 6 – Battle of Plattsburgh
  • September 11 – Battle of Lake Champlain
  • September 12 – Battle of North Point; General Ross is killed
  • September 13 Bombardment of Fort McHenry
  • September 14Francis Scott Key writes the first lines of the poem which would become “The Star-Spangled Banner”
  • November 6 – Battle of Malcolm's Mills
  • November 9 Battle of Pensacola
  • December 1 – Peace delegates reconvene at Ghent
  • December 14 – Delegates to the Hartford Convention meet in Hartford, Connecticut
  • December 24 – The Treaty of Ghent is signed
  • December 28 – The Treaty of Ghent is ratified by the British

1815

  • January 5 – The Hartford Convention concludes
  • January 8 – The Battle of New Orleans; death of Edward Packenham
  • February 16 – The United States Senate ratifies the Treaty of Ghent
  • February 18 – The Treaty of Ghent is declared; the War of 1812 is over
  • February 20 – USS Constitution engages the HMS Cyane and HMS Levant, not knowing the war was over
  • April 6 – Seven American prisoners are killed and 32 wounded in the “Dartmoor Massacre” at Dartmoor Prison in Devon, England
  • May 24 – Battle of the Sink Hole
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