Photograph of soldiers in the distance at Cedar Mountain
Library of Congress

Cedar Mountain

Slaughter’s Mountain

Culpeper County, VA  |  Aug 9, 1862

Maj. Gen. John Pope was placed in command of the newly-constituted Army of Virginia on June 26th. Pope's orders were to defend Washington DC and Union-held northern Virginia while the Army of the Potomac under Maj. Gen. George B. McClellan battled Robert E. Lee outside of Richmond.  When McClellan was defeated at the end of the Seven Days battles less than a week later, Lee turned his attention north toward Pope while McClellan regrouped his army. Pope's three army corps were arrayed in a line from the Blue Ridge Mountains to the Rappahannock River. Lee responded to Pope’s dispositions by dispatching Maj. Gen. Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson with 14,000 men to Gordonsville towards the center of Pope's line. Jackson was later reinforced by Maj. Gen. A.P. Hill’s division. On August 6th, Pope marched his forces south into Culpeper County with the objective of capturing the rail junction at Gordonsville. On August 9th, Jackson and Maj. Gen. Nathaniel Banks’s Second Corps of Pope's army tangled at Cedar Mountain with the Federals gaining an early advantage. A Confederate counterattack led by Hill on the Union right repulsed the Federals and won the day. Confederate Brig. Gen. Charles Winder was killed. The battle at Cedar Mountain shifted fighting in Virginia from the Peninsula to Northern Virginia, giving Lee the strategic initiative.

All battles of the Northern Virginia Campaign

Cedar Mountain
Culpeper County, VA  |  Aug 9, 1862
Result: Confederate Victory
Est. Casualties: 3,691
Union: 2,353
Confederate: 1,338
Second Manassas
Prince William and Fairfax Counties, VA  |  Aug 28 - 30, 1862
Result: Confederate Victory
Est. Casualties: 21,849
Union: 14,462
Confederate: 7,387
Thoroughfare Gap
Prince William County, VA  |  Aug 28, 1862
Result: Confederate Victory
Est. Casualties: 100
Fairfax County, VA  |  Sep 1, 1862
Result: Inconclusive
Est. Casualties: 2,100
Union: 1,300
Confederate: 800

Related Battles

Culpeper County, VA | August 9, 1862
Result: Confederate Victory
Forces Engaged
Estimated Casualties

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