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Library of Congress

North Anna

Caroline County and Hanover County, VA  |  May 23 - 26, 1864

Following the stalemate at Spotsylvania Court House the first week of May, 1864, Lieut. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant was determined to continue his Overland Campaign against Gen. Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia. Grant found the Confederates entrenched on the south side of the North Anna River, where Lee's "inverted V" defenses forced Grant to divide his forces into three parts to attack. On May 23, one of Maj. Gen. A.P. Hill’s divisions assaulted the isolated V Corps on the Union right which had crossed the river at Jericho Mill. After a bloody see-saw fight, the Federal bridgehead remained intact. On the Union left, Maj. Gen. Winfield Hancock's II Corps seized the Chesterfield Bridge over the North Anna. On May 24, an attack by a brigade from the IX Corps was repulsed at Ox Ford, the apex of Lee's line. Meanwhile, Hancock advanced on the Confederate right. Lee hoped to strike an offensive blow, but the opportunity for defeating an isolated part of the Federal army had passed. Grant outflanked the position by moving downstream to the east and continued his advance on Richmond.

All battles of the Grant's Overland Campaign

The Wilderness
Spotsylvania and Orange Counties, VA  |  May 5 - 7, 1864
Result: Inconclusive
Est. Casualties: 29,800
Union: 17,000
Confederate: 13,000
Spotsylvania Court House
Spotsylvania County, VA  |  May 8 - 21, 1864
Result: Inconclusive
Est. Casualties: 30,000
Union: 18,000
Confederate: 12,000
North Anna
Caroline County and Hanover County, VA  |  May 23 - 26, 1864
Result: Inconclusive
Est. Casualties: 4,200
Union: 2,600
Confederate: 1,600
Totopotomoy Creek
Hanover County, VA  |  May 28 - 30, 1864
Result: Inconclusive
Est. Casualties: 2,324
Union: 731
Confederate: 1,593
Cold Harbor
Hanover County, VA  |  May 31 - Jun 12, 1864
Result: Confederate Victory
Est. Casualties: 17,332
Union: 12,737
Confederate: 4,595
Trevilian Station
Louisa County, VA  |  Jun 11 - 12, 1864
Result: Confederate Victory
Est. Casualties: 1,950
Union: 950
Confederate: 1,000

Related Battles

Doswell, VA | May 23, 1864
Result: Inconclusive
Commanders
Forces Engaged
120,000
Union
67,000
Confed.
53,000
Estimated Casualties
4,200
Union
2,600
Confed.
1,600