Weary of Gen. Joseph E. Johnston's pattern of retreat through northwest Georgia in the face of Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman's advancing armies, President Jefferson Davis removed Johnston from command of the Army of Tennessee on July 17, 1864, replacing him with Lieut. Gen. John B. Hood. Three days later, Hood, determined to take the fight to the enemy, set upon an isolated portion of Sherman's forces in front of Atlanta. Hood's targets were the Army of the Cumberland corps of Maj. Gens. Oliver O. Howard and Joseph Hooker along Peachtree Creek north of the city. Hood attacked with two of his three army corps, those of Gens. William J. Hardee and Alexander P. Stewart. Lack of coordination caused delays, but by 4:00 p.m. heavy fighting raged along both lines. Despite catching the Federals off guard, Hood's attacks were disjointed. The quick reacting Yankees held off their Confederate attackers. Hood would live to fight Thomas another day and Sherman pressed on toward Atlanta.