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Cross Keys

Rockingham County, VA  |  Jun 8, 1862

In early June, 1862, Maj. Gen. Thomas J. “Stonewall” Jackson, pursued by two separate Union columns, retreated up the Shenandoah Valley toward the important river crossing at Port Republic. On the morning of June 8, the division of Maj. Gen. John C. Fremont bore down on the Confederates under Maj. Gen. Richard S. Ewell near Cross Keys outside of Harrisonburg. Deploying his infantry east and west of the Port Republic Road, Frémont moved south. A feeble advance from the Union left was beaten back with heavy losses. Ewell held the high ground south of Mill Creek and resisted all of Fremont’s additional attacks. With Fremont defeated, Ewell moved to assist Jackson with the defeat of another Union force at Port Republic the next day. Rebel victories over two days weakened pursuing Union troops and enabled Jackson to support Gen. Robert E. Lee outside of Richmond.

All battles of the Jackson's Shenandoah Valley Campaign

Civil War  |  Battle
Kernstown
Frederick County, VA  |  Mar 23, 1862
Result: Union Victory
Est. Casualties: 1,308
Union: 590
Confederate: 718
Civil War  |  Battle
McDowell
Highland County, VA  |  May 8, 1862
Result: Confederate Victory
Est. Casualties: 754
Union: 256
Confederate: 498
Civil War  |  Battle
Cross Keys
Rockingham County, VA  |  Jun 8, 1862
Result: Confederate Victory
Est. Casualties: 972
Union: 684
Confederate: 288
Civil War  |  Battle
Port Republic
Rockingham County, VA  |  Jun 9, 1862
Result: Confederate Victory
Est. Casualties: 1,818
Union: 1,002
Confederate: 816

Related Battles

Cross Keys, VA | June 8, 1862
Result: Confederate Victory
Commanders
Estimated Casualties
972
Union
684
Confed.
288

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