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Carthage

Jasper County, MO  |  Jul 5, 1861

Missouri's loyalties were divided at the outset of the Civil War.  In June 1861, Union Brig. Gen. Nathaniel Lyon attacked a secessionist concentration in St. Louis and forced approximately 4,000 belligerents, including governor Claiborne Jackson, to evacuate the city. Union Col. Franz Sigel quickly organized an expedition into southwest Missouri with orders to fully disperse the group, led by Governor Jackson. Sigel camped with approximately 1,000 loyal Missouri infantry and artillerymen in the vicinity of Carthage, near the Arkansas border, on July 4th.  The next morning, Jackson and his poorly armed militiamen, who nonetheless greatly outnumbered Sigel, revealed themselves on a ridge north of the town, compelling Sigel to either attack or withdraw. After a sustained artillery bombardment, Sigel launched an attack. While his men were heavily engaged, Sigel received word that a large Confederate force—actually unarmed recruits—was moving towards his flank. Sigel ordered a withdrawal into the town. The Confederate pursuit climaxed with a firefight in the town square, where Jackson's men were ultimately unable to dislodge or destroy Sigel's force before the Union men retreated that evening. The battle sustained Confederate hopes for the loyalties of the state and paved the way for battle with Lyon's forces at Wilson's Creek a month later.

All battles of the Operations to Control Missouri Campaign

Civil War  |  Battle
Carthage
Jasper County, MO  |  Jul 5, 1861
Result: Confederate Victory
Est. Casualties: 244
Union: 44
Confederate: 200
Civil War  |  Battle
Wilson's Creek
Greene and Christian County, MO  |  Aug 10, 1861
Result: Confederate Victory
Est. Casualties: 2,330
Union: 1,235
Confederate: 1,095

Related Battles

Carthage, MO | July 5, 1861
Result: Confederate Victory
Commanders
Forces Engaged
7,100
Union
1,100
Confed.
6,000
Estimated Casualties
244
Union
44
Confed.
200