American Battlefield Trust’s map of Kolb’s Farm at the Battle of Kennesaw Mountain on June 22, 1864
On the night of June 18-19, 1864, Confederate Gen. Joseph E. Johnston moved into a defensive position on Kennesaw Mountain in Georgia. Having encountered entrenched Rebels there stretching southward, Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman extended his right to envelop their flank with Maj. Gen. John Schofield’s Army of the Ohio. Johnston countered by moving Lt. Gen. John B. Hood’s corps from his right flank to his left on June 22 to confront Schofield. Hoping to flank Schofield, Hood attacked, moving down Powder Springs-Marietta Road toward the farm of Peter Kolb. Schofield and Maj. Gen. Joseph Hooker’s XX Corps from the Army of the Cumberland in line there held firm. Union artillery and swampy terrain thwarted Hood’s attack and forced him to withdraw with 1,500 casualties. Although the victor, Sherman’s attempts at envelopment had momentarily failed.