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This image depicts several soldiers stationed on the Seven Pines Battlefield.

Seven Pines

Fair Oaks

Henrico County, VA  |  May 31 - Jun 1, 1862

On May 31, 1862, as Maj. Gen. George B. McClellan’ Army of the Potomac closed in on Richmond, Confederate Gen. Joseph E. Johnston attempted to overwhelm two Federal corps isolated south of the Chickahominy River near the Seven Pines crossroads, seven miles from the capital. The assaults, though not well coordinated, succeeded in driving back the Union corps and inflicted heavy casualties. Reinforcements arrived, and both sides fed in more troops. When elements of a third Union corps crossed the rain-swollen river, the Federal position held. Johnston was seriously wounded during the action, and command of the Confederate army devolved temporarily to Maj. Gen. G.W. Smith. On June 1, the Confederates renewed their assaults against the Federals who had brought up more reinforcements but made little headway. Both sides claimed victory. That evening, Jefferson Davis ordered Gen. Robert E. Lee to take command of the army.

All battles of the Peninsula Campaign

Civil War  |  Battle
Hampton Roads
Newport News, Norfok, and Portsmouth, VA  |  Mar 8 - 9, 1862
Result: Inconclusive
Est. Casualties: 393
Union: 369
Confederate: 24
Civil War  |  Battle
Yorktown
York County and Newport News, VA  |  Apr 5 - May 4, 1862
Result: Inconclusive
Est. Casualties: 482
Union: 182
Confederate: 300
Civil War  |  Battle
Lee's Mill
City of Newport News, VA  |  Apr 5, 1862
Result: Confederate Victory
Est. Casualties: 240
Union: 165
Confederate: 75
Civil War  |  Battle
Williamsburg
York County and Williamsburg, VA  |  May 5, 1862
Result: Inconclusive
Est. Casualties: 3,843
Union: 2,283
Confederate: 1,560
Civil War  |  Battle
Seven Pines
Henrico County, VA  |  May 31 - Jun 1, 1862
Result: Inconclusive
Est. Casualties: 13,736
Union: 5,739
Confederate: 7,997
Civil War  |  Battle
Beaver Dam Creek
Hanover County, VA  |  Jun 26, 1862
Result: Union Victory
Est. Casualties: 1,700
Union: 400
Confederate: 1,300
Civil War  |  Battle
Gaines' Mill
Hanover County, VA  |  Jun 27, 1862
Result: Confederate Victory
Est. Casualties: 15,500
Union: 6,800
Confederate: 8,700
Civil War  |  Battle
Glendale
Henrico County, VA  |  Jun 30, 1862
Result: Inconclusive
Est. Casualties: 7,470
Union: 3,797
Confederate: 3,673
Civil War  |  Battle
Malvern Hill
Henrico County, VA  |  Jul 1, 1862
Result: Union Victory
Est. Casualties: 7,700
Union: 2,100
Confederate: 5,600

Related Battles

Sandston, VA | May 31, 1862
Result: Inconclusive
Commanders
Forces Engaged
73,000
Union
34,000
Confed.
39,000
Estimated Casualties
13,736
Union
5,739
Confed.
7,997