SHARE:

Peninsula Campaign of 1862

Peninsula Campaign of 1862

The American Battlefield Trust’s map of the Peninsula Campaign of 1862  

From April 4 to June 1, 1862, Maj. Gen. George B. McClellan’s Army of the Potomac moved up the Virginia peninsula between the York and James Rivers toward Richmond. After the fall of Portsmouth and the scuttling of the ironclad CSS Virginia May 10-11, the Union navy could safely advance up the rivers and protect McClellan’s flanks. Gen. Joseph E. Johnston, commanding the army defending the Confederate capital, attacked McClellan on June 1 at Seven Pines (also known as Fair Oaks), but was severely wounded. His replacement, Gen. Robert E. Lee, launched the Seven Days battles later in June that ultimately pushed McClellan’s army back from Richmond.

Learn More: The Peninsula Campaign 

Related Battles

Newport News, VA | March 8, 1862
Result: Inconclusive
Estimated Casualties
393
Union
369
Confed.
24
Sandston, VA | May 31, 1862
Result: Inconclusive
Estimated Casualties
13,736
Union
5,739
Confed.
7,997
Williamsburg, VA | May 5, 1862
Result: Inconclusive
Estimated Casualties
3,843
Union
2,283
Confed.
1,560
Yorktown, VA | April 5, 1862
Result: Inconclusive
Estimated Casualties
482
Union
182
Confed.
300