A lawyer and surveyor prior to the American Revolution, Richard Caswell fought on the side of Royal Governor William Tryon at the Battle of Alamance. Caswell served as a delegate to the First Continental Congress. He led the Patriot forces in the pivotal Battle of Moores Creek Bridge. The victory catapulted Caswell to the governorship of North Carolina. He commanded militia in Maj. Gen. Horatio Gates's army and participated in the Patriot disaster at Camden in August 1780. Following the War for Independence, Caswell again served a term as governor.