Camp Nelson was a major Union supply depot for the armies of the Ohio and Cumberland. It was also the third largest recruiting base for African-American soldiers in the United States, with more than ten thousand black soldiers recruited there.
What to do:
Explore the visitor center and museum.
Tour the 3-mile interpretive trail that goes through the depot section and northern line of fortifications.
Although the Civil War brought division among families and within families, the Lexington Cemetery Company maintained a position of neutrality. In addition to private family lots, the trustees provided a general "Soldier's Ground" for the burial of Union dead and a corresponding Confederate lot for the burial of the Southern dead.
Besides being the home of the famed orator and Senator Henry Clay, the Ashland estate also saw action from the Battle of Perryville. 1,800 Confederates skirmished with 294 Union soldiers camped on the estate, killing 4 and capturing the rest.
What to do:
Take a tour of the house and grounds
Stop #6: Perryville Battlefield State Historic Site
Established as a National Park in 1916, Abraham Lincoln National Historic Site preserves the early years of Lincoln's life with the enshrinement of a "symbolic" cabin in a neo-classic Memorial Building on the site where he was born.
The story of Middle Creek battlefield begins January 10, 1862, when an unknown colonel, James A. Garfield (who would later be President of the United States), leads the Union soldiers against the experience of Brig. Gen. Humphrey Marshall and his Confederate soldiers, in what would become the largest and most significant Civil War battle in Eastern Kentucky.