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A scanned image of the Emancipation Proclamation

The Emancipation Proclamation

Thenceforward, and Forever Free

Abraham Lincoln issued the preliminary Emancipation Proclamation on September 22, 1862. It stipulated that if the Southern states did not cease their rebellion by January 1, 1863, then the Proclamation would go into effect. When the Confederacy did not yield, Lincoln issued the final Emancipation Proclamation on January 1, 1863, declaring “that all persons held as slaves” within the rebellious state “are, and henceforward shall be free.”

The Road to Emancipation

Historian and curator of the African American Civil War Museum Hari Jones discusses the legislative steps that made the Emancipation Proclamation...