South Mountain - Fox's and Turner's Gap - Morning Fighting - September 14, 1862

South Mountain - Fox's and Turner's Gap - Morning Fighting - September 14, 1862 (October 2019) American Battlefield Trust

American Battlefield Trust’s map of the morning fighting at Fox's and Turner's Gap at the Battle of South Mountain on September 14, 1862

Only an undersize Confederate force commanded by Confederate Maj. Gen. D. H. Hill protected Turner’s and Fox’s Gaps. Early on September 14, Brig. Gen. Jacob D. Cox’s division of the Union IX Corps launched an attack against Brig. Gen. Samuel Garland’s Tarheel brigade at Fox’s Gap. Cox’s Ohioans overran Garland’s North Carolinians, driving the Southerners from behind a stone wall and mortally wounding Garland. With Fox’s Gap now clear, Cox awaited reinforcements to further his gains.

Meanwhile, at Turner’s Gap, Maj. Gen. Joseph Hooker’s Union I Corps had arrived on the field. Hooker and his men faced the Confederate brigades of Brig. Gen. George B. Anderson and Col. Alfred Colquitt. The Confederate's defended the pass while blocking the National Road.  

Learn More: The Battle of South Mountain

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Boonsboro, MD | September 14, 1862
Result: Union Victory
Estimated Casualties