Civil War  |  Fort

Fort Smith National Historic Site


301 Parker Avenue
Fort Smith, AR 72901
United States

Fort Smith National Historic Site preserves the site of two military posts and the historic Federal Court for the Western District of Arkansas. Fort Smith changed hands twice during the war. The U.S. Army, under the command of Capt. Samuel Sturgis, abandoned the fort to the state militia on April 23, 1861. The Confederate occupancy lasted until September 1863. The Union remained in control throughout the rest of the war, despite Confederate attacks led by Gen. Stand Watie. During the Union occupation, the fort served as a refuge from guerilla activity.