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Lenud's Ferry

Berkeley County, SC  |  May 6, 1780

Charles, Lord Cornwallis captured Mount Pleasant, which produced the evacuation of Patriot posts at Lempriere’s and Wando. From the forks of the Wando River, he sent British reconnaissance patrols out to locate or impede Continental Army movements north of Charles Town, as well as forage and to plunder throughout St. Thomas Parish (Berkeley Co.). Lt. Col. Banastre Tarleton, learning of Patriot troop movements from a Loyalist at Ball’s plantation near Strawberry Ferry, raced his 150 men to Lenud’s Ferry crossing to gather further intelligence and to assess for himself the Patriot strength and situation.

Col. Anthony Walton White rested his 1st Continental Light Dragoons on the south side of the Santee River, together with Lt. Col. William Washington’s 3rd Continental Light Dragoons, awaiting the arrival of Col. Abraham Buford’s 3rd Virginia Detachment of infantry and an artillery company. They unbridled and unsaddled their horses. White supposedly requested boats to carry them across the river. White dismissed Washington’s precaution to cross the river and wait on the north side. Col. Abraham Buford’s 3rd Virginia finally arrived on the north side of the Santee River.  

Tarleton pressed forward to strike, surprise and charge White’s and Washington’s Continentals at 3 p.m., hoping to repeat his catastrophic attack at Monck’s Corner the previous month. Tarleton reported the Americans, "being totally surprised, resistance and slaughter soon ceased...All the horses, arms, and accoutrements of the Americans were captured. Colonels White, Washington, and Jamieson, with some officers and men, availed themselves of their swimming, to take their escape, while many who wished to follow their example perished in the river." Buford’s Virginians could do little but watch the fight from across the wide water.  White, Washington and others escaped by swimming across the fast-moving river, while others fled into the riverside swamp.  

Tarleton captured 100 horses. His 150 dragoons smashed and demolished the Patriot cavalry and freed 18 British prisoners held by Patriots since earlier in the morning action at Ball’s Plantation.

Cornwallis wrote that this action “totally demolished their [American] cavalry.”  Col. Harry Lee assessed: “…the second discomfiture of our cavalry, gave to the enemy the uncontrolled possession of all the country between the Cooper and Santee rivers, and extinguished the glimmering hopes that had been still entertained of the practicability of a retreat from the town.”

Both Lt. Col. Anthony Walton White and Lt. Col. William Washington went to Halifax, North Carolina to begin rebuilding their regiments. Washington leveled charges against White but he was exonerated by court martial.  Lt. Col. William Washington rebuilt and trained his new recruits in time to rejoin Major General Nathanael Greene in December of 1780. White raised new men, horses and supplies in Virginia and later rejoined Greene in the South in 1782. Sir Henry Clinton proclaimed on May 22, 1780, the confiscation of their property and consigning corporal punishment menacing all rebels who should be found in arms or resisting the Crown authority. Tarleton chased Buford and his Virginia Continentals for 138 miles and caught up with them at the Waxhaws, near the border with North Carolina. In a battle known as Buford’s Massacre, Tarleton eliminated the last known army of Continentals at that moment in South Carolina.

All battles of the Southern Theater 1780 - 1783 Campaign

Rev War  |  Battle
Charleston
South Carolina  |  Feb 11 - May 12, 1780
Result: British Victory
Est. Casualties: 5,764
American: 5,506
British: 258
Rev War  |  Battle
Lenud's Ferry
Berkeley County, SC  |  May 6, 1780
Result: British Victory
Est. Casualties: 41
American: 41
Rev War  |  Battle
Waxhaws
South Carolina  |  May 29, 1780
Result: British Victory
Est. Casualties: 333
American: 316
British: 17
Rev War  |  Battle
Williamson's Plantation
South Carolina  |  Jul 12, 1780
Result: American Victory
Est. Casualties: 96
American: 1
British: 95
Rev War  |  Battle
Rocky Mount
Fairfield County, South Carolina  |  Jul 30, 1780
Result: British Victory
Est. Casualties: 32
American: 12
British: 20
Rev War  |  Battle
Camden
South Carolina  |  Aug 16, 1780
Result: British Victory
Est. Casualties: 2,224
American: 1,900
British: 324
Rev War  |  Battle
Musgrove Mill
South Carolina  |  Aug 19, 1780
Result: American Victory
Est. Casualties: 149
American: 16
British: 133
Rev War  |  Battle
Kings Mountain
South Carolina  |  Oct 7, 1780
Result: American Victory
Est. Casualties: 1,211
American: 90
British: 1,121
Rev War  |  Battle
Blackstock's Plantation
Union, SC  |  Nov 20, 1780
Result: American Victory
American: 7
British: 192
Rev War  |  Battle
Rugeley's Mill
South Carolina  |  Dec 4, 1780
Result: American Victory
Rev War  |  Battle
Hammond's Store
Laurens County, South Carolina  |  Dec 30, 1780
Result: American Victory
Est. Casualties: 150
British: 150
Rev War  |  Battle
Cowpens
South Carolina  |  Jan 17, 1781
Result: American Victory
Est. Casualties: 1,017
American: 149
British: 868
Rev War  |  Battle
Guilford Courthouse
North Carolina  |  Mar 15, 1781
Result: British Victory
Est. Casualties: 1,842
American: 1,310
British: 532
Rev War  |  Battle
Siege of Fort Watson
Summerton, South Carolina  |  Apr 15 - 23, 1781
Result: Inconclusive
Est. Casualties: 116
American: 2
British: 114
Rev War  |  Battle
Hobkirk's Hill
South Carolina  |  Apr 25, 1781
Result: British Victory
Est. Casualties: 532
American: 271
British: 261
Rev War  |  Battle
Ninety Six
South Carolina  |  May 22 - Jun 19, 1781
Result: British Victory
Est. Casualties: 232
American: 147
British: 85
Rev War  |  Battle
Parker's Ferry
Colleton County, SC  |  Aug 30, 1781
Result: American Victory
Est. Casualties: 209
American: 4
British: 205
Rev War  |  Battle
Eutaw Springs
South Carolina  |  Sep 8, 1781
Result: British Victory
Est. Casualties: 1,461
American: 579
British: 882
Rev War  |  Battle
Dills Bluff
James Island, SC  |  Nov 14, 1782
Result: British Victory
Est. Casualties: 15
American: 10
British: 5

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American
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Estimated Casualties
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