Second Kernstown | July 24, 1864
Union Maj. Gen. George Crook deployed his divisions along the base of Pritchard’s Hill at Kernstown and placed artillery batteries on its crest. Col. James Mulligan had placed his division in a good defensive position behind a stone wall along the base of the hill. Crook, however, ordered Mulligan to attack Maj. Gen. Jubal Early’s Confederates at Opequon Church, a half-mile in front of the Union line. Mulligan’s brigades were pushed back, and a Confederate counterattack enveloped first the Union left flank and then the right. Mulligan was mortally wounded, and Crook’s men retreated through Winchester.