Hanover - First Phase of Fighting - June 30, 1863

American Battlefield Trust's map of the First Phase of Fighting at the Skirmish of Hanover on June 30, 1863

Situated some 14 miles to the east of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, the town of Hanover played host to the troopers of the Union and Confederate armies on June 30, 1863.

Near 10 am on the morning of June 30th, Union horsemen commanded by Brig. Gen. Judson Kilpatrick made contact with Maj. Gen. Jeb Stuart's wayward cavalry command, who were on an extended raid that seemed to be growing longer by the minute. Men of the 18th Pennsylvania Cavalry and the 13th Virginia Cavalry clashed, with the Virginian's gaining the upper hand. Union troopers fell back through the town pursued by Stuart's horsemen. The Pennsylvanians were then struck by the 2nd North Carolina Cavalry as the two units neared the town. 

Perceiving the danger, Brig. Gen. Elon Farnsworth reversed the 5th New York Cavalry's line of march as the troopers were heading out of town. Yankees and Rebels battled in the streets, with Farnsworth's men gaining the upper hand, while also capturing the commander of the 2nd North Carolina, Col. William Henry Fitzhugh Payne, who was thrown from his horse into a vat of tanning fluid. Jeb Stuart himself was nearly captured, and at one point he was forced to leap his horse over hedges and ditches. 

Judson Kilpatrick rushed more troopers to the town, as the two sides settled into an uneasy lull. 


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