Civil War  |  Historic Site

Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania National Military Park


120 Chatham Lane
Fredericksburg, VA 22405
United States

Portions of four major Civil War battlefields (Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, the Wilderness, and Spotsylvania Court House), and four major historic structures (Chatham, Salem Church, Ellwood, and the "Stonewall" Jackson Shrine) comprise the park. The four battlefields witnessed the death, wounding, or capture of more than one hundred thousand men over two years. It is the bloodiest ground in North America. The battles here reflect a continuum of war - the ebb and flow of a nation at war with itself - and the changing nature of human experience (both civilian and military) during the four years of combat. The battles offer important insights into the minds and methods of great leaders, men like Lee, Jackson, and Grant. The battlefields reflect the changing nature of battlefield tactics as they evolved from open field fighting to trench warfare. These changes had major implications for the soldiers' experience in battle, which changed dramtically between 1862 and 1864. Highlights of the park include Fredericksburg's formidable stone wall, Spotsylvania's infamous "Bloody Angle, " and the house where "Stonewall" Jackson died.