During the Civil War, Berkeley Plantation was occupied by General George McClellan's Union troops. In July and August of 1862, one hundred and forty thousand soldiers camped in the surrounding fields. President Lincoln visited Berkeley on two occasions during McClellan's encampment. While at Berkeley, General Daniel Butterfield composed the familiar tune "Taps," first played by his bugler, O.W. Norton.
Henrico, Virginia | Last of the Seven Days' Battles of the Peninsula campaign, on July 1, 1862, McClellan's II and V Corps retreated along the James River and defended the strong natural position of this historic site, part of the National Park Service, against Lee's assault.
Richmond, Virginia | Part of the National Park Service, it was here, on June 30, 1862, on the sixth day of the Seven Days' Battles, that the disorganized attack of the Army of Northern Virginia across White Oak Swamp was repulsed by the Army of the Potomac.
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