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This sketch by Alfred Waud shows troopers from the 1st Maine firing their carbines during the Battle of Middleburg. Much of the fighting at Middleburg was done dismounted.
Library of Congress

Middleburg

Loudoun County, VA  |  Jun 17 - 19, 1863

Jeb Stuart’s cavalry screened the Confederate infantry as it marched north behind the sheltering Blue Ridge Mountains. On June 17, 1863, Pleasanton sent forward the 1st Rhode Island Cavalry under the command of Col. Alfred Duffié to Middelburg. Unsupported, Duffié's regiment pushed aside Rebel skirmishers and entered town, but was then overpowered there by the brigade of Brig. Gen. Beverly Robertson. The 1st Rhode Island was routed, taking about 225 casualties. On June 19, Stuart pulled back toward the Blue Ridge. The brigade of Col. J. Irvin Gregg’s advanced, driving Robertson’s cavalry to high ground one mile beyond Middleburg. Both sides were reinforced and mounted and dismounted skirmishing continued. The Yankee troopers forced Stuart's men out of their position but the Rebel cavalry fell back again toward Upperville, still covering the approaches to the Blue Ridge. The battles at Aldie, Middleburg and Upperville along the Ashby's Gap Turnpike successfully delayed the Union cavalry thrust across the Loudoun Valley, preventing them from finding Lee's army.

All battles of the Gettysburg Campaign

Civil War  |  Battle
Brandy Station
Culpeper County, VA  |  Jun 9, 1863
Result: Inconclusive
Est. Casualties: 1,299
Union: 866
Confederate: 433
Civil War  |  Battle
Second Winchester
Frederick County, VA  |  Jun 13 - 15, 1863
Result: Confederate Victory
Est. Casualties: 4,709
Union: 4,443
Confederate: 266
Civil War  |  Battle
Aldie
Loudoun County, VA  |  Jun 17, 1863
Result: Inconclusive
Est. Casualties: 415
Union: 305
Confederate: 110
Civil War  |  Battle
Middleburg
Loudoun County, VA  |  Jun 17 - 19, 1863
Result: Inconclusive
Est. Casualties: 390
Union: 350
Confederate: 40
Civil War  |  Battle
Upperville
Loudoun County, VA  |  Jun 21, 1863
Result: Inconclusive
Est. Casualties: 389
Union: 209
Confederate: 180
Civil War  |  Battle
Gettysburg
Adams County, PA  |  Jul 1 - 3, 1863
Result: Union Victory
Est. Casualties: 51,112
Union: 23,049
Confederate: 28,063
Civil War  |  Battle
La batalla de Gettysburg
Adams County, PA  |  Jul 1 - 3, 1863
Result: Union Victory
Est. Casualties: 51,112
Union: 23,049
Confederate: 28,063
Civil War  |  Battle
Falling Waters
Washington County, MD  |  Jul 13 - 16, 1863
Result: Inconclusive
Est. Casualties: 1,760

Related Battles

Middleburg, VA | June 17, 1863
Result: Inconclusive
Commanders
Forces Engaged
9,600
Union
6,400
Confed.
3,200
Estimated Casualties
390
Union
350
Confed.
40