The cemetery was established in 1876 because of the critical need for suitable burial space for the remains of the men who fell at the Battle of Wilson's Creek. Other remains removed from the original burial sites at Forsyth, Newtonia, Carthage, Pea Ridge, and Springfield were among the early interments. There are 1,514 Union burials in the cemetery, of which 719 are unknown. There are 566 Confederate gravesites in the Confederate section, most of which are unknown. Adjoining the original site was the only Confederate cemetery in Missouri; the two sites are now united. There are monuments to Confederate Gen. Sterling Price; the Federal troops who fought in the Battle of Springfield; Union Gen. Nathaniel Lyon, who died in the Battle of Wilson's Creek; and a memorial stone in memory of Confederate soldiers, placed where many unknown soldiers are buried.
Newtonia, Missouri | With two major Civil War battles being fought at Newtonia, this site includes 20 acres of the battlefield and the Ritchey Mansion, which served as headquarters for both Union and Confederate troops at different points.
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