Civil War  |  Fort

Fort Pickens, Gulf Islands National Seashore


1400 Fort Pickens Road
Gulf Islands National Seashore
Pensacola Beach, FL 32561
United States

Fort Pickens was one of four forts in the South to remain in Union control throughout the war. It exchanged artillery fire on Nov. 22-23, 1861 with Confederate batteries at Fort McRee and Fort Barrancas, and on Jan. 1-2, 1862 with Fort Barrancas. The fort served briefly as a prison for Confederate soldiers and civilian political prisoners. The Battle of Santa Rosa Island was fought one mile east of the fort on October 10, 1861.