United States Colored Troops (USCT) Civil War Sites - 1861 to 1865
American Battlefield Trust's map of United States Colored Troops (USCT) Civil War Sites - 1861 to 1865
United States Colored Troops (USCT) were the embodiment of Frederick Douglass’s belief that “he who would be free must himself strike the blow." 179,000 men – many who were former slaves – volunteered to fight in the Union army; nearly 37,000 gave their lives for the cause. With every engagement in which they fought, the USCT's time and again proved their mettle. At Port Hudson in Louisiana, Fort Wagner in South Carolina, Spotsylvania, New Market Heights, and Wilson's Wharf in Virginia, and elsewhere, USCT units displayed courage under fire and won glory on the field of battle. By the end of the war, African-Americans made up 10 percent of the Union army. This map depicts major battles where USCTs fought or were in a supporting role as well as encampments such as the Wilderness, Salem Church, and Totopotomoy Creek.
Learn more: United States Colored Troops