American Battlefield Trust’s map of the Atlanta Campaign
In early May 1864 Federal forces under Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman began battling the Confederate Army of Tennessee for possession of north Georgia. At stake was Atlanta, major manufacturing center and railroad hub. Battle casualties for the four-month campaign totaled approximately 34,500 for the North and about 35,000 for the South. Sherman’s capture of Atlanta was a major blow to the Confederacy, all but assuring Abraham Lincoln’s re-election two months later, and setting the stage for Sherman’s March to the Sea.