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Francis Marion

Portrait of Francis Marion
TitleBrigadier General
War & AffiliationRevolutionary War / Patriot
Date of Birth - Deathc. 1732 - February 27, 1795

Marion gained his first military experience fighting against the Cherokee Indians in 1760. In 1775, he received a commission in what became the 2nd South Carolina Regiment of the Continental Line. Marion fought at Sullivan's Island and Continental effort to recapture Savannah. Due to an injured ankle, escaped the surrender of Continental Maj. Gen. Benjamin Lincoln to the British at Charleston in May 1780. He soon regrouped and organized a unit of militia. Marion focused his efforts on disrupting the British supply and logistics system, making himself a thorn in the Crown's side. After eluding Lt. Col. Banastre Tarleton at Ox Swamp in November, 1780, Tarleton declared "as for this damned old fox, not even the devil himself could not catch him", earning the famous nickname, "Swamp Fox". The following year, Marion fought at Fort Watson, Fort Motte and Eutaw Springs. Eventually promoted to Brigadier General, after the war Marion served in the South Carolina senate.