Lt. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant’s Terms of Agreement Entered into with Gen. Robert E. Lee at Appomattox Court House, Virginia, April 9, 1865, and Supplementary Terms April 10, 1865
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General R.E. Lee,
Commanding C.S. Army:
GENERAL: In accordance with the substance of my letter to you on the 8th instant, I propose to receive the surrender of the Army of Northern Virginia on the following terms to wit: Rolls of all the officers and men to be made in duplicate –one copy to be given to an officer designed by me, the other to be retained by such officer or officers as you may designate; the officers to give their individual paroles to not to take up arms against the Government of the United States until properly exchanged, and each company or regimental commander sign a like parole for the men of their commands. The arms, artillery, and public property to be parked and stacked, and turned over to the officers appointed by me to receive them. This will not embrace the side-arms of the officers, nor their private horses or baggage. This done, each officer and man will be allowed to return to their homes, not to be disturbed by United States authority so long as they observe their paroles and the laws in force where they may reside.
Agreement entered unto this day in regard to the surrender of the Army of Northern Virginia to the United States authorities.
1st. The troops shall march by brigades and detachments to a designated point, stack their arms, deposit their flag, sabers, pistols, &c., and from thence march to their homes under the charge of their officers, superintended by their respective division and corps commanders, officers retaining their side arms and their respective horses.
2nd. All public horses and public property of all kinds to be turned over to staff officers designated by the United States authorities.
3rd. Such a transportation as may be agreed upon as necessary for the transportation of the private baggage of officers will be allowed to accompany the officers, to be turned over at the end of the trip to the nearest U.S. quartermasters, receipts being taken for the same.
4th. Couriers and mounted men of the artillery and cavalry, whose horses are their own private property, will be allowed to retain them.
5th. The surrender of the Army of Northern Virginia shall be constructed to include all the forces operating with that army on the 8th instant, the date of commencement of negotiation for surrender, except such bodies of cavalry as actually made their escape previous to the surrender, and except also such pieces of artillery as were more than twenty-miles from Appomattox Court-House at the time of the surrender on the 9th instant.
Major-General of Volunteers.
Brevet Major-General, U.S. Volunteers.
Brigadier-General and Chief of Artillery
[Source: Or46(3): 665, 685-86.]
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