Sand Creek - November 29, 1864

Sand Creek - November 29, 1864

American Battlefield Trust’s map of the Battle of Sand Creek

Scattered Indian raids had caused much ill-will between the white settlers and the Native Americans. In the autumn, Territorial (Colorado) officers had offered a vague amnesty if Indians reported to army forts. Black Kettle with many Cheyennes and a few Arapahos, believing themselves to be protected, established a winter camp about 40 miles from Fort Lyon. On November 29, Col. John Chivington, who advocated Indian extermination, arrived near the camp, having marched there from Fort Lyon. In spite of the American flag and a white flag flying over the camp, the troops attacked, killing and mutilating about 200 of the Indians, two-thirds of whom were women and children.

Learn More: The Massacre at Sand Creek 

Related Battles

Chivington, CO | November 29, 1864
Result: Union Victory
Estimated Casualties