Effects of War: Traditional Elementary Civil War Lesson Plan
Approximate Length of Time: 50 minutes
Goal: Students will be able to state the effects of the Civil War.
- Students will be able to discuss Lincoln’s ideas on reunification and define Reconstruction.
- Students will be able to discuss John Wilkes Booth’s reasons for assassinating President Lincoln.
- Students will be able to list the 13th, 14th, and 15th Amendments.
- Students will be able to discuss the positive and negative outcomes of the Civil War.
Common Core Standards:
Draw on information from multiple print or digital sources, demonstrating the ability to locate an answer to a question quickly or to solve a problem efficiently.
Integrate information from several texts on the same topic in order to write or speak about the subject knowledgeably.
Write informative/explanatory texts to examine a topic and convey ideas and information clearly.
NCSS Standards for Social Studies:
2—Time, Continuity, and Change
3—People, Places, and Environment
5—Individuals, Groups, and Institutions
6—Power, Authority, and Governance
10—Civics, Ideals, and Practices
- Grant from West Point to Appomattox
- What Did Lincoln Want?
- Booth’s Original Plan & Questions
- Amendments Note Sheet
- Reconstruction Amendment Timeline
- Positive and Negative Outcomes
- The Effects of War Essay
- Put the engraving, Grant from West Point to Appomattox, either on your Smart Board or a transparency.
- Have students review their knowledge of the Civil War by discussing the events from Grant’s life pictured in the work.
- Explain that now the class is going to look at what happened after Appomattox.
- Pass out What Did Lincoln Want?
- Read over the sheet with your class, first discussing what Reconstruction is defined as.
- Next, go over the three goals Lincoln hoped would make the return of the seceded states into the Union easier.
- Have students complete the notes portion of the sheet.
- Lincoln would not get to see the Reconstruction of the Nation. On April 14, 1865, he was shot by John Wilkes Booth. Lincoln died the next day.
- Create a transparency of Booth’s Original Plan & Questions.
- Discuss this with the class. Ask students why Booth would want Lincoln dead.
- Have students complete the questions on the second part of Booth’s Original Plan & Questions.
- Hand out a copy of the Amendments Note Sheet to each student.
- On an overhead or a Smart Board, project the Reconstruction Amendments Timeline.
- Discuss what each amendment meant to the people of the United States while students fill in their Amendments Notes Sheet.
1. Discuss Positive and Negative Outcomes as a group.
2. Hand out a copy of The Effects of War Essay to each student and have them complete the essay.
Assessment in This Lesson:
- Summary of Lincoln’s words from his Reconstruction plan from the What Did Lincoln Want? worksheet.
- Discussion of Booth’s motives for killing Lincoln involving Booth’s Original Plan & Questions.
- Outline of the 13th, 14th, and 15th amendments using the Amendments Note Sheet.
- Discussion of the outcomes of the American Civil War incorporating The Effects of War Essay.