In 1861, troops from Jefferson Barracks, led by Nathaniel Lyon, participated in the "Camp Jackson Affair," which saved the St. Louis Arsenal from prosecessionist state forces. In 1862, Jefferson Barracks was turned over to the Medical Department of the U.S. Army and became one of the largest and most important Federal hospitals in the country. Sick and wounded soldiers were brought to Jefferson Barracks by riverboat and railroad car. In 1864, Jefferson Barracks became a concentration point for the defense of St. Louis during "Price's Raid, " the last major Confederate invasion of Missouri. In 1866 a national cemetery was established at Jefferson Barracks.
St. Louis, Missouri | Bellefontaine has become an outdoor museum, containing fine sculptures and memorial art, and with 87,000 interments, it is also the final resting place of men and women whose lives have contributed conspicuously to the westward expansion of our country.
St. Louis, Missouri | This museum's exploration of the personal life of General Grant provides the context for understanding his military leadership as Union general during the Civil War and his subsequent presidency.