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Harper's Weekly, 1865
Civil War
Official Record

Maj. Gen. John M. Schofield’s “Terms of Military Convention” and “Supplemental Terms,” April 26, 1865

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Terms of a military convention entered into this 26th day of April, 1865, at Bennett’s house, near Durham’s Station, N.C., between General Joseph E. Johnston, commanding the Confederate army, and Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman, commanding of the army of the United States in North Carolina, both present

  1. All acts of war on the part of the troops under General Johnston’s command to cease from this date.
  2. All arms and public property to be deposited at Greensborough, and delivered to an ordinance officer of the United States Army.
  3. Rolls of all officers and men to be made in duplicate, one copy to be retained by the commander of the troops, and the other to be given to an officer to be designated by General Sherman, each officer and man to give his individual obligation in writing not to take up arms against the Government of the United States until properly released from this obligation.
  4. The side arms of officers and their private horses and baggage to be retained by them.
  5. This being done, all the officers and men will be permitted to return to their homes, not to be disturbed by the United States authorities so long as they observe their obligation and the laws in force where they reside.

          W.T. Sherman,

                    Major-General, Commanding. Army United States in North Carolina.

                    J.E. Johnston,

                     General, Commanding. C.S. Army in North Carolina.

                     Raleigh, N.C., April 26, 1865.


                     U.S. Grant


Military Convention of April 26, 1865.–Supplemental Terms.

  1. The field transportation to be loaned to the troops for their march to their homes, and for subsequent use in their industrial pursuits. Artillery horses may be used in field transportation if necessary.
  2. Each brigade or separate body to retain a number of arms equal to one-seventh of its effective today, which, when the troops reach capitals of their States, will be deposed of as the general commanding the department may direct.
  3. The commanding general of the Military Division of West Mississippi, Major General Canby, will be requested to give transportation by water from Mobile or New Orleans to the troops from Arkansas and Texas.
  4. The obligations of the officers and soldiers to be signed by their immediate commanders.
  5. Naval forces within the limits to General Johnston’s command to be included in the terms of this convention.

J. M. Schofield,

Major-General, Commanding. Army United States in North Carolina.

          J.E. Johnston,

                     General, Commanding. C.S. Army in North Carolina.

[Source: OR47(3): 313, 321, 482.]