Prairie Grove Battlefield Historic State Park preserves 850 acres of the battlefield where 22,000 men from the Union Army of the Frontier and Confederate Army of the Trans-Mississippi clashed on December 7, 1862. After a day of combat, a shortage of ammunition and food forced the Confederate army to retreat during the night. More than two thousand men would be killed, wounded, or found missing during the battle. While Prairie Grove was a tactical draw, it was a strategic Union victory. This was the last major battle in northwest Arkansas.
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