On March 7 and 8, 1862, the 10,500-man Union Army of the Southwest and the 16,200-man Confederate Army of the West met in combat at two separate battlefields, Leetown and Elkhorn Tavern, on the gently rolling plain called Pea Ridge. The battle at Leetown ended after the death of two Confederate generals on March 7, while the battle of Elkhorn Tavern continued until the Confederates ran out of ammunition on March 8. The decisive Union victory ensured that Missouri would remain in Federal control and paved the way for Grant's Vicksburg campaign.
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