American Battlefield Trust’s map of the Battle of Malvern Hill
The Battle of Malvern Hill was the sixth and last of the Seven Days’ Battles. On July 1, the retreating Federals finally stopped at the James River. Confident in their support from naval warships on that river, George McClellan’s Army of the Potomac selected Malvern Hill as a defensible position and invited a Confederate attack. Robert E. Lee obliged with a series of deadly frontal assaults that resulted in a stinging defeat, and ended the campaign on a deceptively positive high for the Union army. On July 2, the Army of the Potomac arrived at Harrison’s Landing on the James River and commenced a six-week period of recovery and rehabilitation, before authorities in Washington transferred McClellan’s army back to the Potomac River in August.