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Sibley's New Mexico Campaign

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In 1862, hoping to expand westward, the Confederate government and local secessionists sought to enforce their claim to the Confederate Arizona Territory, which included the southern halves of modern-day Arizona and New Mexico and overlapped the Union New Mexico Territory. Confederate sympathizers there had requested help from Rebel forces in Texas, both to remove the Union army elements from Arizona and to protect settlers from Apache Indian raids. In response, Confederate General Henry H. Sibley had captured Santa Fe and Albuquerque with his victory at Valverde earlier in the year. Sibley hoped to control the Santa Fe Trail stagecoach route through the passes of the Sangre de Cristo Mountains to the north. Sibley’s men met a Union column at Glorieta Pass on March 28. Forced from the field and short of supplies, the Confederates retreated from the area back to Santa Fe. At Glorieta Pass, Federal forces were finally able to turn back the Confederate invasion of the southwest and dashed the hopes of a Confederacy reaching west to California.

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Henry H. Sibley
Civil War
Biography
Before the outbreak of the Civil War, Henry Hopkins Sibley enjoyed a long and varied career with...
Default History Troops
Civil War
Overview
This page provides a brief summary of the Battle of Glorieta Pass, a Union victory in 1862 which...
Glorieta Pass Battle
Civil War
Battle
Hoping to expand westward, the Confederate government in 1862 sought to enforce its claim to the...