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Mine Run Campaign

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In November 1863, following the Bristoe Campaign, General Robert E. Lee withdrew his Army of Northern Virginia to fortified positions along the Rapidan River.  General George G. Meade, under pressure from Washington to press another campaign with his Army of the Potomac before winter, aimed to turn Lee’s right flank by crossing the Rapidan and then moving west.   On November 25, General Gouverneur K. Warren’s Second Corps, General William H. French’s Third Corps and General George Sykes’ Fifth Corps all marched.  Rain had raised water levels on the Rapidan, and French got held up at Jacob’s Ford, causing delays in the Union advance.


Confederate troops were drawn up in the Wilderness, and General Edward Johnson’s division, met French’s Third Corps on November 27 at Payne’s Farm.  After a pitched but indecisive battle, Lee moved his army to the west side of Mine Run and into an extremely strong position.  Warren demonstrated against Lee’s right on November 29, but agreed with Meade that the Confederate fortifications were too formidable to risk a major assault. Federal troops faced the fortifications until December 2, and then withdrew.

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Battle of Mine Run (Payne's Farm) - November 27, 1863
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Battle Map
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Mine Run Battlefield
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The wooded, 1.5 mile Mine Run Battlefield interpretive trail, marked with historical wayside...
Major General George G. Meade
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George Gordon Meade was one of the few Union generals who began his life and career in a foreign...